figure and figcaption

<figure> element – includes images, diagrams or photos which are relevant to the main content of the page. The <figcaption> element is used to add a caption to the image.

Usage: these elements are used in combination to support increased accessibility and greater clarity regarding the content of associated images or diagrams. The <figcaption> element is optional and should be included either as the first child or the last child of the <figure> element.

Permitted Content: one <figcaption> element (as either the first child or last child) and appropriate flow elements (such as <img>).

Tag omission: both start and end tag must be present for both <figure> and optional <figcaption> elements.

Example code:

<img src=”../orchid.jpg” alt=”orchid blossom” height=”150″ width=”200″ />
<figcaption>A close-up of an orchid taken at the Changi Airport in Singapore.</figcaption>

Example page (opens in a new tab/ window – view source code):

Default display properties: display: block.

Common Attributes: typical global attributes only.

Permitted Parent Elements: any element which can contain phrasing or flow elements.

References: and

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